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Growing up in Besancon, France, Auguste Marie and Lous Jean attended a very large technical school. Their father ran a photographic firm and both children spent time working in his office. It is said that they developed a fascination with photography during these years. Although their roles in history were relatively brief, the different technological advancements made during their time was remarkable.The Lumiere Brothers strongly believed that the film industry was bound to fail sooner or later. Working hard to enhance the quality of still photography, the brothers invented the “Autochrome Lumiere Process” and published the first color line of film in 1907. As a result of their achievements the French Army was the primary source of color photos during the course of WW1.

Courtesy of: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b8/Lumierebox.jpg
Courtesy of: http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/b8/Lumierebox.jpg

Autochrome Lumier

Autochrome Lumiere was a process that was patented in 1903 that produced one of the earlier versions of color photographs. This process was invented by the Lumiere brothers in France, and was the principle color photography process from when it was first marketed in 1907 until the 1930's; when it was trumped by colored film.

The Process
The autochrome lumiere process begins with the autochrome plate, which is a glass plate, about 3 X 5 in size, and is coated in sap and beeswax, and mixed with starch grains. It would be placed in the camera, furthest from the emulsion lens, and is exposed. Then it is turned into a positive slide in the darkroom. It is the mixture thickly packed on the plate that produces the color.

A plate side by side with the positive  courtesy of http://gawainweaver.com/images/gallery/additive-screen-plates/autochrome_medium.jpg
A plate side by side with the positive courtesy of http://gawainweaver.com/images/gallery/additive-screen-plates/autochrome_medium.jpg





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A picture of the Lumiere Brothers


http://cultugalerisate.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/lumiere-brothers.jpg

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Above: A picture of a young women-photographed using the Autochrome Plate

http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_LBRoOF0MNW0/SifGj9vysjI/AAAAAAAAALY/Y8B5u3lr__M/s400/Lumière_Brothers_young_lady_with_umbrella.jpg